The programme is an evolution from Horizon Europe and will include three main pillars:
Pillar 1 – will include the following programs –
- European Research Council (ERC) will enable the most excellent researchers to push the frontiers of knowledge to tackle economic and social challenges.
- The Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowships and exchanges will help the best talent, young researchers, to expand on their knowledge and skills.
- The Joint Research Centre (JRC) will provide the Commission's science and knowledge service and dedicated research.
Pillar 2 - will support collaborative research relating to societal challenges and also reinforces technological and industrial capacities through thematic clusters that address the full spectrum of global challenges. The second pillar will include the following clusters:
- Health cluster will tackle challenges such as the coronavirus pandemic, the extension of clinical trials, innovative protective measures, virology, vaccines, treatments and diagnostics, and the translation of research findings into public health policy measures.
- Culture, Creativity and Inclusive Society will support research and innovation in the cultural and creative sectors, cultural heritage, through building cultural heritage collaborative space, as well as in humanities and arts.
- Civil Security for Society - ill support the implementation of EU policy priorities relating to security, including cybersecurity, and disaster risk reduction and resilience. In addition, it will build on lessons learnt from the COVID 19 crisis both in terms of preparedness and capacity building for crises.
- Digital Industry and Space cluster will strengthen European capacity in central digital, industrial and space technologies, and support a competitive, digitised and circular European industry.
- Climate, Energy and Mobility cluster will scale up R&I resources in climate-related domains
- Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agriculture And Environment cluster addresses the interlinked challenges of safeguarding the natural resource base, resilient biodiversity and ecosystem services, restoring and sustaining the health of our planet, sustainable agricultural, forest, marine and fresh water production, promoting alternatives to fossil-based economies, sustainable consumption, closing nutrient cycles, and food and nutrition security.
The European missions is a new instrument that will be introduced as part of pillar 2. It will focus on ambitious, time-bound and achievable goals to deliver on common European goals. The five missions that were approved will aim at achieving by 2030, 3 million lives saved from cancer diseases, 100 climate neutral cities, healthy oceans, seas and internal waters, healthy soils and food, and regions resilient to climate changes.
In addition, a number of European Partnerships will encourage wide participation of partners from public and private sectors, covering critical areas such as energy, transport, biodiversity, health, food and circularity.
Pillar 3 - The European Innovation Council (EIC) . The EIC, will receive over €10 billion in budget to provide support for emerging and breakthrough innovations by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), start-ups, and midcaps. It will complement the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) - building eecosystems by connecting with regional and national innovation actors.
And A Section called ‘Widening participation and Strengthening the European Research Area’.
Horizon Europe will increase its impact by working closely together with other EU programmes and policies, such as InvestEU, Erasmus+, EU Cohesion Policy, Digital Europe, European Structural and Investment Funds, Connecting Europe Facility, and the Recovery and Resilience Facility.